Verb TO BE – Present Tense

Verb To Be

Uses and meaning.

 

The verb To Be (pronounced biː) is used to indicate the identity of a person or thing. It is also used as a linking verb, an auxiliary (helping) verb, and is the most commonly used and the most irregular verb in the English language.

 

We use the verb TO BE:

  • to say who we are: I’m Susie and I’m English.
  • to greet someone: Hello, how are you today?
  • to describe things: My car is a blue Jaguar.
  • to talk about the time: It’s two o’clock in the afternoon.
  • to talk about the weather: It’s a sunny day today.
  • to say where something is: London is in the south of England.
  • to say how old someone is: My brother is eighteen years old.

 

FORM:

AFFIRMATIVE FULL FORM CONTRACTION
Singular I am I’m
you are you’re
he / she / it is he’s / she’s / it’s
Plural we are we’re
you are you’re
they are they’re
NEGATIVE FULL FORM CONTRACTION
Singular I am not I’m not
you are not you aren’t
he / she / it is not he / she / it isn’t
Plural we are not we aren’t
you are not you aren’t
they are not they aren’t
INTERROGATIVE AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVE
Singular am I? aren’t I?
are you? aren’t you?
is he / she / it? isn’t he / she / it?
Plural are we? aren’t we?
are you? aren’t you?
are they? aren’t they?

 

It is a good idea to learn the contractions, because in spoken English we almost always use them. For example: He’s my friend. / She’s my sister. / I’m from London. / You’re Spanish.
BUT we DON’T use contractions when we ask a simple question (interrogative affirmative).

 

Complementary Content:
Learn English – Verb To Be
Conjugating – Verb To Be
Guide to Grammar – To Be
Beginners Lessons – A0.06